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Potomac State College

ARHS 101 - Research Paper

Formatting in-text citations in MLA

What is an in-text citation?

When referring to information you took from another source (i.e. it is not originally your own), you include a call out to your source, referred to as an in-text citation.

SOME EXAMPLES

(From Frank E. Gannett Memorial Library's "MLA Citation Style (8th)" Research Guide, Utica College)

MLA In-Text Citations - ENG111-Sturges - InfoGuides at Central ...

(From Central Piedmont Library's "ENGL111-Sturges" Course Guide, Central Piedmont Community College)

SOME SPECIFIC EXAMPLES TO YOUR ASSIGNMENT

Direct Quote:

Van Gogh was unique as before him "none of the impressionists had ever thought to paint humble natural things in such an awesome and incendiary manner" (Phelan).

OR

According to Phelan, Van Gogh was unique as "none of the impressionists had ever thought to paint humble natural things in such an awesome and incendiary manner."

Paraphrase:

Van Gogh was unique among artists and impressionists as he painted everyday objects as though they were awe-worthy (Phelan).

OR

Phelan noted that Van Gogh was unique among artists and impressionists as he painted everyday objects as though they were awe-worthy.

In-text citation, Two authors: "Warhol often spoke about wanting to do the same painting over and over” (De Salvo & Beck).

In-text citation, More than two authors, substitute the names of all authors except the first with "et al.”:  "Conservators and government were heavily criticized for supposedly ignoring the artist's wishes” (Dickens et al.).

In-text citation, No date or author: Picasso's Guernica would become "one of this century's most unsettling indictments of war" as it "challenges our nations of warfare as heroic and exposes it as a brutal act of self-destruction" ("Guernica: Testimony of War").